Paracelsus, or as his full name reads, Theophrastus Phillippus Aureolus Bombastus von Hohenheim, was born November 11, 1493 in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. He died on September 24, 1541 in Salzburg, Austria. He was an alchemist, physician, botanist, and astrologer.
He began his studies at the age of fourteen. It is assumed that he attended several of the best universities in Switzerland, Austria, Germany, France, and Italy, yet was dissatisfied with all of them. At the age of sixteen, Paracelsus started to study medicine at the University of Basel and eventually obtained his degree in medicine from the University of Vienna. There is no concrete evidence of where he later received his doctorate though it is assumed he pursued studies and received a doctorate from the University of Ferrara in 1516. It is also believed that it was here where he changed his name, taking up the Latin “Paracelsus,” which means “greater than Celus,” after the encyclopedist Aulus Cornelius Celus.
Throughout his lectures Paracelsus deployed quite unorthodox methods. Highly critical of the contemporaneous medical practices of his day (i.e. insisting that wounds need to drain naturally), he burned the writings of many esteemed physicians, such as Galen and Avicenna, and stressed the importance of common sense and common language; he taught in German instead of Latin. As well, Paracelsus emphasized the curative power that was inherent in nature. In general, he clearly preferred experience and experimentation over knowledge. Yet such notions were “offences” and Paracelsus was threatened by the authorities and consequently forced to leave Basel in 1528. He then continued his journeys, writing several treatises while at the same time practicing as a doctor and alchemist.
Though often considered a “magician,” Paracelsus rejected magical theories. He truly believed in the healing power of natural treatments and recourses, convinced that only through a harmonic and balanced interrelation between man (microcosm) and nature (macrocosm) could health be obtained: “Man is a microcosm, or a little world, because he is an extract from all the stars and planets of the whole firmament, from the earth and the elements; and so he is their quintessence. ”For him, it was clear that only through an understanding of the principles of the universe could the body be understood .
Consequently, Paracelsus was not interested in the current and vogue discoveries and obsessions with human anatomy. He rejected it, arguing that one must study nature in order to understand the human body, and is attributed as saying thus, “Medicine is not only a science; it is also an art. It does not consist of compounding pills and plasters; it deals with the very processes of life, which must be understood before they may be guided.
The Paracelcus Academy is cooperating with many Top Universities and Top Research Centra in boundary breaking research in the smallest concepts far beyound the building elements of the Atoms and in the largest concepts far beyound the imagination of our Galaxies.